sábado, 4 de enero de 2014

4º ESO: Unit 6. Imperialismo - Glosario

Muy buenas

Aquí os dejo la lista de palabras y expresiones que debéis tener presente de cara al estudio de esta unidad. Espero que os sea de utilidad. 

Acculturation: Adoption of the ways of a different culture
Agricultural Products: Things that are grown in large quantities to be sold
Balance of Trade: The difference in value between a country’s exports and imports
Big stick: The threat of using force to get something
British East India Company: A private business which first traded with India and later ruled it.
British Raj: The period of British rule in India
Civilise: To improve a society so that it is better organised and more developed
Colonial Exploitation: Unfairly using colonies to obtain power or wealth
Coloniser: A person who settles in a place and takes control over it
Colonisation: Settling in a place and taking control over it
Colony: A country occupied and controlled by another country (the metropole)
Dominion: A self-governing colony whose population came mainly from the metropole
Economic Interests: Policies or practices which tend to make a person or country richer
Expand: To make larger or to become larger
Export: To sell products to another country
Forced labour: Making people work against their will for little or no money
Imperialism: Increasing a country’s wealth and power by colonising other countries
Import: To buy products from another country
Indigenous Population: The native people in a colonised country
Manufactured Products: Things made on a la large-scale using machinery
Metropole: The parent state of a colony
Monoculture: The cultivation of only one crop in a given area
Monopoly: Exclusive possession of control over something
Opium Wars: 19th century wars fought between European powers and China over trade and diplomatic relations
Plantation: A large area of land where a single crop (e.g. cotton or tea) is grown
Political and military rivalry: Competition between countries to gain political and military supremacy
Prestige: High status or good reputation
Protectorate: A colonised country with its own indigenous government, but where the metropole is really in control, especially of defence and foreign policy
Raw Materials: The basic materials from which a product is made
Sepoy Rebellion: The revolt in 1857 of Indian soldiers in the British army in India
Settlement Colony: A colony with a small native population, settled mainly by white Europeans
Social segregation: When people of different classes in society have to live separately and cannot mix
Transoceanic canal: A manmade waterway connecting two oceans or seas

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